The knowledgeable tips and the uprightness of anti-corruption law Strategic Goals of the Commission
- Wed, 19 January 2022
The strategic goal of corruption is to reduce the loss of public funds due to corruption in project development, construction, procurement of goods, receiving services, making leases and sales by government departments, and organizations through enhancing transparency, accountability, and due diligence; to reduce systemic corruption in public organizations; to get significant improvement in “Control of Corruption Index”, issued by the World Bank Group as part of its Worldwide Governance Indicators.
The structure of working committees
In order to implement the vision and mission of the commission, the following working committees are being formed:
(a) Policy Affair Working Committee
(b) International Affairs and Human Resource Management Working Committee
(c) Legal Affairs Working Committee
(d) Complaint Review Committee
(e) Staff Affair, Discipline and Security Working Committee
(f) Awareness and Public Relations Working Committee
Areas of work in the Anti-Corruption Strategic Plan
The following (5) strategi areas are divided:
1. Establishment of effective and strong foundation for corruption prevention, investigation and prosecution;
2. Enhancement of integrity and professional capacity;
3. Improvement in cooperation with local and international organizations in the fields of corruption prevention and enforcement;
4. Effective protection of State money, properties and rights and interests of citizens;
5. Emergence of the corruption-free business environment.
The prioritized are of the Commission (2021)
After the Anti-Corruption Commission was newly established on 20-2-2021, these areas are prioritized as follows:
- Development of the strong policy framework
- Prevention of corruption on a nationwide scale
- Nationwide anti-corruption awareness and morale promotion
- Improvement of Commission’s capacity
- International cooperation
- Reporting the real situation of anti-corruption to the public.
Extensive contact with the public
In order to carry out combatting corruption and prevention of corruption more efficiently and broadly, the original structure of the Commission's office was upgraded by the Union Government. The staff and officials are more appointed. The branch offices are established in Yangon, Mandalay, Taunggyi and Mawlamyine Cities. The organization was expanded in order to take action against corruption in a timely and efficient manner.
The anti-corruption commission's Code of Conduct, which includes (6) basic principles, was drafted and enacted in May 2018 in order for commission members, government staff, and officials to follow them in practice:
Findings from the survey
In 2018, in order to ensure impartiality and transparency in public services, the commission hired a third party, named “Access to Justice” for conducting the survey in public sectors. According to the findings, the public does not have a precise understanding of corruption, but they do not want corruption. Nevertheless, they are willing to pay bribes if they do not receive essential services from government departments on time. People believe that combatting corruption will be successful with their full participation. The survey also showed that corruption may be reduced through transparency in the public sector and the good rule of law, facilitating the smooth complaints mechanism, awareness-raising campaigns, creating an environment that values integrity pacts, and offering sufficient wages.
The survey was conducted by the United States Agency for International Development- USAID's Myanmar Law and Order Promotion Program (PRLM) on public opinion on the corruption occurring in various fields in Myanmar in 2019. According to the survey, the positive opinion on the commission's activities in urban areas and rural areas has improved, but there is still a particularly weak at the regional and state levels as regards the prioritized areas for combatting corruption.
In 2020, a survey was conducted on corruption in the business sectors and government departments/organizations. According to the survey, it was found that there were bribes paid by businessmen to government employees without being asked for bribes in order to speed up procedures and complete the process. The facts that are obstacles in making decisions for business operations are financial instability, political instability, and rapid changes in legal regulations. The regulation procedures in reporting mechanisms need to be simple and accessible. It is needed that business enterprises need to develop and implement strong business ethics rules to prevent corruption.
Brother Chit Aye